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Moses Cleaveland and his survey party landed at the mouth of the Cuyahoga River on July 22, 1796 and thus established the village that would later be named after him: Cleveland. Moses and his party were surveyors for the Connecticut Land Company. His job was to lay out a township that focused on the center of the Public Square much as towns in New England were laid out. After completing the survey, Moses Cleaveland left the area never to return. However, his name stayed and the Village of Cleaveland was incorporated on December 23, 1814.

In 1831, the name was changed slightly from Cleaveland to Cleveland by a local newspaper that needed to shorten the name so it could fit on their masthead.

With the opening of the Ohio and Erie Canal in the 1830s, Cleveland really took off. The city was at a crucial point in a large network of inter-related waterways and canals that extended from the Ohio River Valley to Lake Erie, east over the Erie Canal to the Hudson River, and south to New York City and the Atlantic and the rest of the world.

Construction of railroads in the 1850s insured Cleveland's continued growth as did the demand for iron and oil products during the Civil War. This started a rapid industrial development. John D. Rockefeller built an empire refining oil brought in from western Pennsylvania. With this industrial development, labor demand was high and this fact alone attracted thousands of immigrants from Europe.

In the 1880s, Cleveland's population expanded by over 63 percent. In the 1890s, by over 46 percent. The city grew from just under 93,000 in 1870 to over 380,000 by 1900. At this time Cleveland was the 7th largest city in the United States. Today, Cleveland's population has declined to just over 478,000.

Cleveland's Burning River

It was the Cuyahoga River that caught on fire in 1969. The infamous river fire was in part responsible for starting America's ecology movement.

Read more about the Cuyahoga River Fire

Cleveland Browns

Naming the Cleveland Browns

Before the Cleveland Browns, there was another pro-football team located in Cleveland: The Cleveland Rams. For some reason the Rams lost money in Cleveland and decided to move the team to another, more football oriented city: Lost Angeles.

Mickey McBride was a successful business man who loved football. He decided he'd build a franchise team and when the Rams left town, he jumped on the opportunity.

McBride hired Paul Brown as coach and then ran a contest in a local newspaper to name his team. After the contest was over, the "Panthers" had been chosen, and the winner received a $1,000 war bond. Later it was discovered that the name "Cleveland Panthers" already been used by a team that had little success in the game.

McBride decided his team was not going to be associated with a loser in any way. Therefore, he held another contest. He offered a second bond for another $1,000. This was great publicity for the team, and for McBride.

When word got out about the reason for rejecting the Panthers name, many people suggested names of other champions. One of the most popular champions of that time was boxing legend Joe Louis, respectfully known as the "Brown Bomber". This was decided to be the new name.

After convincing Paul Brown that the new team name was not being named after him, McBride shortened the name to just "Browns". Paul Brown was adamant about not naming the team after him, but technically, it was being named after Joe Louis, so he agreed. Apparently, humility wears thin on some, because later in Brown's 1970's autobiography, he fully admits that the team was named after him.


Cleveland's Unique Shopping Opportunities

Cleveland may be known for its sports teams, but what locals know is that Cleveland has a wide variety of quality shopping opportunities

Crocker Park in Westlake

Combining a mix of shops, restaurants and cafes, as well as beautifully designed luxury apartments and office space, Crocker Park is more of a congenial neighborhood of parks and tree-lined streets than just the traditional outdoor shopping area. Restaurants include The Cheesecake Factory, Blake's Seafood, Liquid Planet and First Watch. Stores range from Ann Taylor to Dick's Sporting Goods, Sephora, Eddie Bauer and more.

25 Main Street, Westlake, Ohio 44145

Eton, Cagrin Boulevard in Woodmere

A shopping and dining experience including walkways with fountains, gardens, sculpture and restaurants, including Fleming's Prime Steakhouse, Mitchell's Fish Market, Ruth's Chris Steak House, Bravo Cucina Italiana and Tuscany. Specialty stores include Sur La Table, Trader Joe's, The Sharper Image and Organized Living.

28601 Chagrin Boulevard, Woodmere, OH 44122


Located in Beachwood Place, this is one of only two locations in the state of Ohio. Enjoy the consummate Nordstrom experience with the help of your own Personal Shopper. Access your style, knowledge and insights by booking an appointment--216.378.2121.

26200 Cedar Road, Beachwood, OH 44122

Big Fun in Cleveland Heights

Voted Cleveland's "Best Toy Store" year after year, Big Fun features cool candy and Cleveland souvenirs, toys, collectibles, custom t-shirts, a retro B&W photo booth and more.

1827 Coventry Road, Cleveland, OH 44118

Ambiance— the store for lovers (with 8 locations throughout Cleveland)

The company began helping couples enhance their romance in 1981 and has become a Cleveland institution. Ambiance is committed to promoting Cleveland as a romantic destination and to help couples everywhere discover that "Monogamy Shouldn't Be Monotonous."

Chic et Mode in the Tower City Center

The store specializes in unique, one-of-a-kind fashion accessories and gifts from both European and Cleveland-based designers. Many of the items available are exclusive to the U.S. market and made available only through Chic et Mode.

Tower City Center, 230 W. Huron Rd, Cleveland, Ohio 44113

The Only Cleveland Store in the Tower City Center

If you're looking for Cleveland souvenirs, t-shirts, skyline art and paraphernalia, this your one-stop-shop. They are also the only authorized retailer of Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum, Cleveland Museum of Art, Western Reserve Historical Society and Cleveland Museum of Natural History merchandise.

Tower City Center, 230 W. Huron Rd, Cleveland, Ohio 44113

Center Hours: Mon-Sat: 10am-7pm
Sun: Noon-6pm
Restaurant and Cinema hours may vary.

Cleveland's Arcade

The Arcade in Historic Gateway Neighborhood

The Arcade was one of America's first indoor shopping malls when it opened in May of 1890. Make time to visit the unique shops, restaurants and must-see architecture.

The Arcade is located in the block between Euclid Ave. and Superior Ave. in downtown Cleveland. There are entrances off both streets.

Foods & Other Good Stuff

b.a. Sweetie Candy Company in Parma

For more than 56 years, the candy superstore b.a. Sweetie has served the candy needs of everyone from retail stores to hotels, restaurants and individuals. They carry the largest variety of candy available anywhere, including many varieties long thought lost, like wax lips, Pez dispensers and Razzles.

7480 Brookpark Road, Cleveland, Ohio 44129

Galluci's in downtown Cleveland

Galluci's is a 95-year-old family-owned Italian grocery and gourmet food store specializing in fine wines, imported meats, cheeses, olives and gift baskets.

6610 Euclid Avenue Cleveland, OH 44103

Mustard Seed Market in Solon and Montrose

If you're looking for a wide selection of natural and organic foods, make it a point to check out the Mustard Seed Market. Now in their 27th year, they feature weekly specials, cooking classes, alternative medicines, an on-site cafe and more.

Constantino's Market (located throughout Cleveland)

Located near many of Cleveland's prime attractions, it's the perfect place for a pause before, during or after your sightseeing adventures. Stop in for healthy snacks, organic selections, gifts, magazines and wide-ranging wine, beer and beverage selections.

West Side Market

West Side Market in Ohio City

This 96-year-old bastion of culinary history is as one of the city's greatest landmarks and favorite destinations. No place in Cleveland combines more cultural diversity under one roof than the market with more than 180 vendors offering ethnic delicacies and a variety of fresh bakery, produce, cheese, meats, seafood and more.

Corner of West 25th and Lorain in the Ohio City Neighborhood

Shaker Square

Shaker Square is located between Cleveland's world-class cultural, educational and health care institutions on the east side and the entrance to the suburb of Shaker Heights. It is on Shaker Boulevard, the main east-west road in Shaker Heights. Cleveland meets Shaker Heights a block east of the Square. In is in the City of Cleveland and, in an arrangement made in 1912 when the City of Shaker Heights was incorporated, it is in the Shaker Heights School District.

The area was established in 1822 when Ralph Russell, a pioneer settler from Connecticut, persuaded his family and neighbors of the benefits of the Shaker religion. Russell's small group began the North Union Shaker community with his donation of 1,000+ acres. A few years later, the North Union Shakers achieved one of their first goals in damming the Doan Brook. With this feat accomplished, they were able to create a lake, but more importantly a source of power to operate both a gristmill and a sawmill, two highly prized operations in any community.

The Shaker movement in America was characterized by communal living, celibacy, confession of sins, pacifism, belief in the equality of all people, and daily living designed to bring about the Kingdom of Heaven on earth. The Shakers were known for inventiveness, outstanding craftsmanship, industriousness, and spirituality, as epitomized by their motto: "Put your hands to work and your hearts to God." Today Shaker life and crafts are preserved by museums at former Shaker sites.

The North Union Shaker Site is located in Shaker Heights, Ohio. Regrettably, the buildings of this former village have been demolished, but the land on which it once stood remains a rich archeological site. Visitors can go to the Shaker Historical Museum, at 16740 South Park Blvd., open year round Tuesday- Friday and Sunday, but closed major holidays.